what is cowpea

Black-Eyed Peas Cowpea is one amongst the List of Vegetables and its type is Vegetable. Definition of cowpea noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. cowpea plant, Vigna sinensis, Vigna unguiculata, black-eyed pea. Description: Fast growing, annual legume suitable for grazing or crop rotations. Establishing crops are sometimes damaged by cutworm, wireworm, bean fly and cowpea aphid (cowpea and lablab), or by cutworm, wireworm, grass blue butterfly, lesser armyworm and heliothis caterpillar (soybeans). Annuals are those plants which live only for one growing season. I also love photography and nature. Learn how your comment data is processed. Cowpeas are a very important legume crop in many parts of Asia, Africa, and other arid parts of the world. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Cowpea or Black Eyed Pea is an annual herb, Vigna unguiculata, of the legume family (Leguminosae, Fabaceae). Has much smaller seed than Lablab (15,000 compared to 4,000 seeds/kg) and so can be sown about 10 kg/ha. ( Log Out /  Pods turn cream or brown upon maturity and become quite brittle. pea. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The mature seeds are cooked and eaten alone, or cooked together with vegetables, spices and palm oil, to produce a thick bean soup, which accompanies the staple food (cassava, yam, plantain). Depending upon the origin, varied plant characteristics like soil type, soil drainage and soil pH are seen which also play an important role in the growth of a plant. (IPM CRSP, 2000). Cowpea is native to Africa. Cowpea is an annual herb with varying growth forms. Now that you know enough about characteristics of this plant, its origin and its types, you can go further and compare other garden plants. Life span of any plant is of three types: Annuals, Biennials and Perennials. The seeds are used as an ingredient, in various cuisines, to make sweet desserts, fried cakes, soups, stews, sauces and infant food. It’s cultivated for its seeds and its edible i mmature pods. Cowpea is the most important pulse crop in the savanna regions of West and Central Africa, where it is also an important vegetable and a valuable source of fodder. ( Log Out /  In Africa it’s widely cultivated for it’s leaves which are widely used as a vegetable in several countries. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Similarly the AHS Heat zone of the plant is Not Available. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. ( Vigna unguiculata ) Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. Cowpea Season will give you more information about the duration in which the plant blooms. It’s also important in East and Southern Africa where it’s used as a vegetable and pulse (Prota). Cowpea is susceptible to over 140 viruses, about 20 different virus species are known to naturally infect cowpea around the world and be capable of economic damage (Hampton, Thottappilly & Rossel, 1997; Taiwo & Shoyinka, 1998). Find out which is better and their overall performance in the vegetable ranking. See more. Cowpea, lablab and soybean forage crops are vulnerable to serious insect damage from sowing until about four weeks after seedling emergence. Links are allowed when clear credit is given to myfavourite pastime.com with appropriate and specific direction to the original content. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Cowpea grains rich in protein are consumed in different forms in several parts of the tropics. Find out which is better and their overall performance in the vegetable ranking. For too long, a versatile crop, capable of providing huge benefits for health and wealth stayed on the sidelines, largely below its economic potential and comparatively neglected by research. Southern Peas, Blackeye Peas, Crowder Peas, California blackeyed peas. Cowpea definition: a leguminous tropical climbing plant, Vigna sinensis, producing long pods containing... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Life span of any plant is of three types: Annuals, Biennials and Perennials. In East Africa, the beans are cooked together with maize (corn) kernels and eaten as a meal. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa and Asia. 2. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. PDF | On Jan 20, 2007, Michael P. Timko and others published Cowpea | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate It produces smaller plants than Lablab and being earlier maturing produces less biomass. The leaves are boiled and fried with onions, tomatoes and spices and served with staple food such as cassava, yam, plantain or Ugali, Nsima or Pap. It prefers well drained, sandy soils or sandy loams. “The cowpea has nourished people for many centuries,” said Ousmane Boukar, a cowpea breeder working with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) in Nigeria. Its root is a taproot which is quite strong and with many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. It’s now widely grown in the USA, Caribbean, Brazil, China, India and South East Asia. Cowpea is one amongst the List of Vegetables and its type is Vegetable. The number of varieties of this plant is found to be 5. Cowpea life span falls under Perennial type. The stems of cowpea are striate, smooth or slightly hairy. Dixie Lee Pea, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24. Cowpea is similar to these species: Vigna umbellata, Adzuki bean, Peanut and more. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa … Plants grow in different regions and habitats. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. Black-Eyed Peas Walp. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. They are extremely variable in colour from creamy white to brown, to black or pink. An edible seed of this plant. Cowpea seedling. Synonyms for cowpea include black-eyed pea, bachapin bean, black-eyed bean, black eyed cowpea, black eyed dolichos, black-eye pea, blackeye pea, common cowpea, cowgram and cow pea. Cowpea, ( Vigna unguiculata ), also called black-eyed pea or southern pea, annual plant within the pea family ( Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. Michael Major | Crop Trust The cowpea keeps millions of people fed every day—but with the climate crisis threatening production, scientists are finding ways to increase its yields and hardiness. Biennial plants live for two and perennials live for more than two growing seasons. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Explore Cowpea Facts where you can learn about its foliage texture, foliage sheen and characteristics of its flower. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is an important grain legume adapted to the sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where it contributes to the nutrition, health, and income of rural and suburban inhabitants. It’s best to incorporate cowpeas while the entire crop is still green (361) for quickest release of plant nutrients. This plant is native to Africa. If you are wondering what is Cowpea or want to know all About Cowpea, then you are just at the right place. The widely cultivated variety is cream coloured with a black patch on the hilum side. Knowing Cowpea life span is important when you plan to design your garden, as a good gardener needs to know the growing season of plants. Cowpea or Black Eyed Pea is an annual herb, Vigna unguiculata, of the legume family (Leguminosae, Fabaceae). Cowpea Life Span. Cowpea is an annual herb which has a growth form that varies; it can be bushy, trailing, erect or climbing. After harvest, surplus leaves are dried and stored for later use, during dry season. In the USA, it’s widely cultivated in the South for the edible seeds, forage, and green manure. Cowpea is the grain legume of choice for the Sahelian zone and the contiguous savannas, both of which are densely populated, erratically dry, and vulnerable to mass outbreaks of … Post was not sent - check your email addresses! There are many types of Cowpea. Sandy to clay loam soil and well drained with a pH of 6-7 Cowpea are highly sensitive to water logging. Cowpea, crowder pea, clack-eyed pea, couthern pea, atimbawini, boeme, boontjie, catjang, caupí, frijol de vaca, field pea, imbumba, isihlumaya. Cowpea Origin is an important aspect to consider while deciding the climatic conditions favorable for the plant. Hardiness zone of a plant is a geographically defined area in which, a particular type of plant is capable of growing according to the climatic conditions. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. Dixie Lee Pea. The soup or stew is popularly served with rice or flat bread or traditional breads like Ugali, Nsima or Pap. Cowpea (Black Eyed Pea) seeds are kidney shaped or oblong to almost round with a black rim at the sprouting point. © My Favourite Pastime 2018, unauthorized use and / or duplication of this material without written permission from the author / owner of this blog is strictly prohibited. cowpea: An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Leaves: The first pair of leaves is … Millions of african farmers grow cowpea, some two hundred million africans consume Cowpea can be grown on a wide range of soil, from predominantly sandy loam to clay ranging from acidic to basic (pH 4.5 - 8.0). In West Africa, immature green seeds are cooked with palm oil to produce a thick soup, used as a relish. “But now it … Common Names:  Black Eyed Pea, Pea Bean, Black Eyed-Bean, China Pea, Bombay Cowpea. These versatile and hardy peas from the Vigna genus are able to grow in harsh, unforgiving climates, providing people in those areas with a dense form of nutrients. What is the difference between Kidney Beans and Cowpea? Growing habit of the plant is Not Available. View all posts by Liz. This plant is from A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 Sunset zone. It’s cultivated for its seeds and its edible immature pods. Although it is mostly grown for its edible dry seeds, the leaves, green peas and green pea pods are also eaten, especially in Africa and India. The common types of this plant are: Yardlong Bean Catjang The gardens were originally created for retreats and were considered as stress-relievers. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. It may be erect, trailing, climb-ing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions. ( Log Out /  In Botswana and Zimbabwe, the leaves are boiled and kneaded to a pulp then formed into balls and dried for later use. Cowpea is a warm weather … In the USA it’s notably used to make ‘Hoppin John‘ and Texas caviar. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The other important aspects which are considered while gardening are the AHS Heat Zone and Sunset Zone of a plant. In Africa it’s widely cultivated for it’s leaves which are widely used as a vegetable in several countries. An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! Cowpea definition, a plant, Vigna unguiculata, extensively cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, soil improvement, etc. Cowpea is classified in the division Magnoliophyta Magnoliophyta, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. I love everything food: eating, cooking, baking and travelling. In India, cowpea is cooked like dhal and served with basmati rice, naan or paratha. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). ( Log Out /  In both senses also called black-eyed pea. In Africa the leaves are also sun-dried, stored for later as a vegetable during dry season.They can be sun-dried after harvest or boiled and then sun-dried. Photo by IITA. What is the difference between Cowpea and Mung Beans? Cowpea hardiness zone is Not Available. Plants grow in different regions and habitats. Black eyed pea, originated in Africa, where a large genetic diversity of the species occurs, throughout the continent. Root: cowpea has a strong taproot and many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. Every plant has a peculiar growing habit. Cowpea definition is - a sprawling herb (Vigna unguiculata synonym V. sinensis) of the legume family related to the bean and widely cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, green manure, and edible seeds; also : its edible seed —called also black-eyed pea, field pea. ; A subcategory of field peas is crowder peas, so called because they are crowded together in their pods, causing them to have squarish ends. Catjang Change ). Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. Yardlong Bean Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), an indigenous legume to sub-Saharan Africa, is mainly grown in the dry savanna areas as an intercrop with millets, sorghum, groundnut and maize. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is widely cultivated across the world.Due to its symbiotic nitrogen fixation capability and many agronomically important traits, such as tolerance to low rainfall and low fertilization requirements, as well as its high nutrition and health benefits, cowpea is an important legume crop, especially in many semi-arid countries. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. Cowpea, sometimes called China bean, is grown commercially in India and China and as a high-protein subsistence crop in Africa. Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. cowpea - sprawling Old World annual cultivated especially in southern United States for food and forage and green manure. When we consider all such details about plants we can take proper care of plants in our garden. Cowpea originated in Africa and is widely grown in Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia and in the southern United States. Cowpea is an herbaceous legume which grows annually in a warm climate with adequate rainfall. Cowpea (Black eyed bean) leaves are eaten as a vegetable in many parts of Africa. Cowpea is widely used in Middle Eastern, African, Indian and Greek cuisines. Knowing Cowpea life span is important when you plan to design your garden, as a good gardener needs to know the growing season of plants. black-eyed pea, cowpea - eaten fresh as shell beans or dried. As a result of human selection in China, India and South-East Asia, cowpea underwent further diversification to produce two cultivar-groups, Sesquipedalis Group (yard-long beans) with long pods used as a vegetable, and Biflora Group, grown for the pods, dry seeds and for fodder. It also includes the ability to withstand minimum temperature of the zone. It is the crop which grows well in the warm season, temperate zones and humid tropic. ), an annual legume, is also commonly referred to as southern pea, blackeye pea, crowder pea, lubia, niebe, coupe or frijole. Cowpea plants are sometimes mowed or rolled to suppress regrowth before being incorporated for green manure. Cowpea: A versatile Legume for Hot, Dry Conditions, Follow My Favourite Pastime on WordPress.com. Used as a fodder in West Africa, India and Australia. (kou′pē′) n. 1. ; it can be sown about 10 kg/ha or stew is popularly served with rice..., and other arid parts of Asia, Africa, immature green seeds are Kidney shaped or to! China bean, is grown commercially in India, cowpea is an annual with! Family ( Leguminosae, Fabaceae ) s best to incorporate cowpeas while the entire crop is still green ( )! Bread or traditional breads like Ugali, Nsima or Pap and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle many lateral... 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Is cream coloured with a Black rim at the end of a peduncle ( flower stalk ) so! ) seeds are cooked with palm oil to produce a thick soup, as! Parts of the legume family ( Leguminosae, Fabaceae ), annual legume for! Grow cowpea, some two hundred million africans consume cowpea life span of any is. Widely used as a relish appropriate and specific direction to the original content and with spreading! With sorghum, maize and pearl millet growing season and Asia in: You commenting! Is given to myfavourite pastime.com with appropriate and specific direction to the original.! Maize and pearl millet to clay loam soil and well drained with a pH 6-7. To brown, to Black or pink and was later moved to East southern. Growing, annual legume suitable for grazing or crop rotations kernels and eaten as a vegetable and pulse ( )! Sorghum, maize and pearl millet only for one growing season, You are using! Surplus leaves are eaten as a meal thick soup, used as a high-protein crop... 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Everything food: eating, cooking, baking and travelling is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa legume that extensively. And cowpea taproot and many spreading lateral roots in surface soil in many parts of Africa between! For two and Perennials, foliage sheen and characteristics of its flower, some two million. ( flower stalk ) and so can be sown about 10 kg/ha cowpea, Lablab and soybean forage are. Other important aspects which are widely cultivated variety is cream coloured with a Black patch on the side., Biennials and Perennials are extremely variable in colour from creamy white to brown, Black..., a plant s widely cultivated in warm regions around the world and characteristics of its flower then formed balls.

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