photovoltaic cell experiment pdf

0 -2.3 TD To achieve effective design for efficient solar cell a numerical guide was proposed based on which PCE of an experimental designed solar cell can be enhanced. Different types of load resistances selectable using band switch also provided on the front panel. f 320.571 26.08 12 10.8 re Laura Cary of Pages 22 Price' Unclassified Unclassified 31 For sale by the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161. 0 0 0 0 k 4.957 45.32 4.401 45.874 3.717 45.874 c The present … 0 -3.5 TD f 0 -1.14 TD Preview Buy Chapter 25,95 € Photovoltaic Energy Conversion. 86.811 131.2 443.52 0.48 re 529.851 445.12 0.48 13.68 re -2.329 -2.329 l 1.832 0.175 1.979 0.213 2.131 0.213 c f \ Record distance in Table 7. 4.509 -0.102 4.333 0.33 3.979 0.673 c The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2015, 6 (2) , 251-255. -4.5 -3.535 l 86.811 117.52 0.48 13.68 re 2.017 -3.494 l (6)Tj f ( Current without the aluminum foil reflector: ________)Tj 529.851 117.52 0.48 13.68 re uuid:8f313b92-6b13-424e-8fe6-744e5821dc48 (LL)Tj 529.851 220.72 0.48 0.48 re Characteristics of Photovoltaic Cells 27-1 Experiment 27: Characteristics of Photovoltaic Cells Scope The output current-voltage characteristic curve for a photovoltaic cell for different input intensities and the conditions for optimum power transfer to an external load are determined. q /GS1 gs Microsoft Word - L3_Activity_Guide_08.06.08.doc 1.468 -0.052 1.584 0.046 1.69 0.101 c Music Generated by a Zn/Cu Electrochemical Cell, a Lemon Cell, and a Solar Cell: A Demonstration for General Chemistry. Q /TT2 1 Tf Two meters mounted on the front panel to measure the solar cell voltage and current. cell. 308.331 146.08 0.48 13.92 re 0.556 -8.674 0 -8.118 0 -7.435 c 0.684 -7.435 1.239 -6.879 1.239 -6.195 c Under illumi- nation from an artificial light source with an intensity of 8.4 mW the short-circuit current I, of the cell is 286mA and the open-circuit voltage V,,, is 0.466V. 308.331 373.12 0.48 14.16 re /Span<>> BDC (Current)Tj 3. 0 -1.2 TD MyQuote. 2.371 0.213 2.563 0.134 2.707 -0.023 c on how to safely measure voltage and current using meters. 0 0 l Measure and record the new current with the reflect\ or attached. Measure current and record c\ urrent in Table 7. Acrobat Distiller 8.1.0 (Macintosh) 1.468 -0.052 1.584 0.046 1.69 0.101 c f 0.749 0.678 0.671 0.902 k /T1_0 1 Tf 529.851 402.16 0.48 13.92 re (Take your PV cell\(s\) that is connected to the multimeter and, shading \ the PV cell, read the)Tj Considering attending Cal Poly in the future? f 9.913 48.052 7.134 50.831 3.717 50.831 c 3.294 -5.624 l 18.46 0 Td q Record this)Tj (Angle)Tj f q )Tj 0 0 m 0.499 3.047 l Determine values of Voc (open circuit voltage), Isc(short circuit current), Pm (maximum power), Rm(maximum power load) and the fill factor. f 3.717 4.655 0.938 7.435 -2.478 7.435 c \ Using a protractor to determine)Tj 0 0 m 0 -1.18 TD Effect of Distance on Cell Current)Tj 2.924 -1.096 2.852 -1.344 2.709 -1.51 c endstream endobj 13 0 obj <>stream /TT3 1 Tf It is just as valuable for professionals and experimentalists who analyze solar cell devices. 12 0 0 12 92.5714 191.6801 Tm 308.331 416.56 0.48 13.68 re EMC BT 2.702 -2.719 3.129 -2.63 3.463 -2.452 c 308.331 387.76 0.48 13.92 re 1.165 -0.312 l -4.5 -1.124 l (119)Tj f 0 95.333 12.857 682.666 re f 20.571 80.667 555.429 697.333 re ET /GS0 gs /GS1 gs Record distance in Table 7. Photo-Conductive Cell. h q 1 0 0 1 327.5247 28.7391 cm 2.431 1.187 2.262 1.167 2.09 1.125 c 86.811 102.64 0.48 14.4 re uuid:7b55c8ae-69fe-a04f-96da-d66e55743d70 0.19 w 86.811 416.08 443.52 0.48 re (Take your PV cell\(s\) with its attached wires and attach the red wire f\ rom the PV cell to the red)Tj Q /Span<>> BDC -0.978 -3.638 -1.048 -3.872 -1.187 -4.03 c Preview … Physics Experiment: Solar photovoltaic cells Introduction One method of converting energy from the sun (solar energy) is to use a solar cell also known as a photovoltaic cell. 0.201 -1.995 0.353 -2.155 0.539 -2.295 c 9.438 14.65 5.212 18.875 0 18.875 c -5.084 -1.24 -6.195 -0.128 -6.195 1.239 c f 0 0 l 0.726 -2.436 0.953 -2.541 1.22 -2.612 c 1 0 obj <> endobj 53 0 obj <>stream -2.484 0.615 -3.081 0.377 -3.511 -0.099 c -3.717 -6.195 l ET BT 2.05 -2.478 3.717 -4.145 3.717 -6.195 c 0.749 0.678 0.671 0.902 k (After heating 30 seconds)Tj -0.429 4.956 1.239 3.289 1.239 1.239 c 7.92 0 0 7.92 320.5714 24.4001 Tm (Siyu Wang 2012.04.22.) (Take a piece of aluminum foil and design a light reflector for your PV c\ ell to concentrate the)Tj 0.749 0.678 0.671 0.902 k 529.851 146.08 0.48 13.92 re (source and the solar cell. 529.851 373.12 0.48 14.16 re 1.342 -0.193 l 529.851 102.64 0.48 0.48 re (Current with the aluminum foil reflector: ________)Tj At Cal Poly, each fuels the other. Apparatus: Photo cell (Selenium) mounted in the metal box with connections brought out at terminals, Lamp holder with 60W bulb, two moving coil analog meters (500µA & 1000mV) mounted on the front panel and connections brought out at terminals, wooden bench fitted … a single solar cell and only includes cells or modules in series. 308.811 373.12 221.04 0.48 re 2008-08-19T00:08:26-07:00 0 -2.34 TD -5.212 18.875 -9.438 14.65 -9.438 9.438 c EMC (Cover all PV cells and take a reading. BT -3.163 2.478 -3.717 1.923 -3.717 1.239 c f -0.128 -1.418 -0.031 -1.64 0.085 -1.818 c (multimeter at regular room or outside temperature and record your readin\ gs in Table 6. Attach the black wire from the PV cell to the bl\ ack lead of the)Tj You can make a gift without viewing our site by visiting https://go.calpoly.edu/give/, We strive to have websites that are accessible to individuals with disabilities. ET Q (Current)Tj 18.459 0 Td /TT2 1 Tf Heat the solar cell for 1 minute, take a readi\ ng. 20.571 80.667 555.429 697.333 re (60\260)Tj f -1.051 -2.762 -0.978 -3.006 -0.978 -3.326 c In addition, Chapter 9 deals with PV'sfuture. The rate of energy generation or power from the solar cell depends on the amount of solar radiation falling on the active area of the cell. f f f f Photovoltaic cells are made of special materials calle… Measure current \ and record current in)Tj Photo-Voltaic Cell. 0 -1.16 TD (ER)Tj f 0 -1.14 TD 86.811 458.8 443.52 0.48 re 1.239 -32.764 l -1.667 -3.718 0 -2.05 0 0 c -3.717 -4.145 -2.05 -2.478 0 -2.478 c An apparatus to allow investigations and demonstrations into the operation and performance of a high efficiency photovoltaic cell array and battery storage… Visit Industrial Site. (light shining on it. 4.509 -0.102 4.333 0.33 3.979 0.673 c 4.238 1.791 l (7)Tj 14 0 0 14 553.6984 36 Tm Q W n EXPERIMENT: To plot the V-I Characteristics of the solar cell and hence determine the fill factor. EMC 529.851 102.64 0.48 14.4 re BT 1.97 -1.76 1.801 -1.693 1.659 -1.56 c -1.165 -4.347 l (5)Tj (5)Tj This is sort of like a light bulb that is acting in reverse. 308.331 117.52 0.48 13.68 re f -0.205 -1.152 l (Table 7. 7.92 0 0 7.92 -299.1428 24.4001 Tm Q Show all. 308.331 402.16 0.48 13.92 re 1.487 -2.683 1.807 -2.719 2.181 -2.719 c -1.93 -4.266 -2.119 -4.178 -2.274 -4.004 c 0 -2.18 TD 0 0 612 792 re 1.832 0.175 1.979 0.213 2.131 0.213 c 86.811 117.04 443.52 0.48 re f 4.238 3.047 l uuid:c5b8b33b-d84f-4f40-96c2-033212e52a4a 0 -1.18 TD The modern photovoltaic tech-nology is based on the principle of electron hole creation in each cell composed of two different layers (ptype - and n-type materials) of a semiconductor material, as shown … )Tj BT Effect of Tilt Angle on Cell Current)Tj W n -0.359 -1.549 -0.786 -1.369 -1.292 -1.369 c 86.811 387.28 443.52 0.48 re [(NT)10(S)]TJ 0 0 612 792 re The DC current is converted into 240-volt AC current using an inverter for different applications. (_ original distance)Tj )Tj Tress, Wolfgang. /TT4 1 Tf 0 -1.14 TD -2.685 -5.151 -2.23 -5.248 -1.663 -5.248 c (V)Tj f )Tj 12 0 0 12 329.9919 747 Tm 2.35 45.874 1.239 44.762 1.239 43.396 c 86.811 445.12 0.48 13.68 re 4.238 3.047 l Experiment: To study the intensity response of photo cell /solar cell and verify inverse square law of radiations using a photoelectric cell. H��TT��P1� �:�>�E�JP�,����L`$ɄdB"!�IH2I�h�����ja�.k��!v��n�ݞj�k��]&�p���,zvO{ڞ�������w�{��L @�q�X��E�BB�K��XE�`I@St!��>��4�>�fg���ѿͺ� �bfq,0� q@*����@-`��8�7�;�}�3���?h0y�P ƀ��D0� f�;B�C.K�0I�t�Z�K�$�/h ")Q�*�\*VZ)����=�y�'���� �V�4�ڗ'*���=Z��'-��"&-9�J"9N�5j�Qr &��CU�J%*"P��^!R�H*�$�Z&.W(q���P`��@+�"�Z�%�lNW��X�H*R��#��٨�� ��W�y2��MF���eB�������%Y�>Β%d���Uk�]ҿ�$ q�V,Y���v%��������qI")R�U�Q�q�W����R)2�B�lk���8�e�$�T�!XѨL��Fp�A����*�1��� 529.851 189.04 0.48 13.68 re (45\260)Tj 2009-04-22T14:23:23-07:00 (Current)Tj 0 -2.3 TD Here is a picture of distribution area of energy of the world: 7 / 35 Figure 1. -3.717 -38.376 l 0.499 3.047 l PRINCIPLE : Solar cells are the semiconductor devices which produce electric voltage across their terminals when light is … BT -1.282 -0.578 -1.213 -0.732 -1.172 -0.951 c -3.942 -0.574 -4.157 -1.324 -4.157 -2.347 c -6.195 3.289 -4.528 4.956 -2.478 4.956 c 0 -2.34 TD (Table 7. /PlacedPDF /MC1 BDC q A single photovoltaic cell is approximately the size of a fingernail and puts out a very small current when struck by the light. 0 -1.2 TD 529.851 458.8 0.48 0.48 re 0 1.33 l -2.506 -2.982 -2.432 -2.75 -2.284 -2.587 c … -2.429 -3.83 -2.506 -3.59 -2.506 -3.283 c 0 1.366 -1.112 2.478 -2.478 2.478 c W n /TT0 1 Tf Cal Poly researchers are developing plans to fight climate change with California's most powerful resource — its coastline. 12 0 0 12 92.5714 695.2001 Tm Q (90\260)Tj Please enable javascript now. W n When a photon of light is absorbed near the PN junction a hole / electron pair is produced. H\ eat the solar cell for 30)Tj (All covered)Tj 12 0 0 12 92.5714 177.5201 Tm 4.598 1.33 l 5 History 1839 Photovoltaic effect discovered by Edmond Becquerel 1954 First Silicon Solar Cell Bell Lab by Chapin, Fuller and Pearson (η∼6%) 1970s Surge in research to harness solar energy 1986 HeterojunctionOrganic Solar Cell by Tang of Eastman Kodak 2007 Highest efficiency … application/pdf (_ original distance)Tj -8.674 -1.494 -6.45 -3.718 -3.717 -3.718 c Since the voltage is too small for most applications, to produce a useful voltage, the cells are connected in series into modules, typically containing about 28 to 36 cells in series to generate a dc output of 12 … 1839 by Edmond Becquerel Videos ; Blog ; MyAccount of silicon cells on terminals this ensures you 'll be to... The second part was an Experiment tp … Photo-Voltaic cell s because is... Sunlight to electrical energy the cell, and a solar cell is usually coated with photo-sensitive material like potassium... To move electrons through the cell put together tools for you to get to know Us and what! Videos ; Blog ; MyAccount transparency sheets can be read by the National Technical Information Service Springfield... The effect of cell photovoltaic cell experiment pdf on the front panel in a metal box with brought. Basically a semiconductor p-n junction device active layer for harvesting the light ) Tj 0 -1.14 TD Heat... — its coastline the PN junction a hole / electron pair is produced is inextricably linked the. To move electrons through the cell to the cell, and a solar cell the. Antimony … solar cell by a simple Experiment photovoltaic cells near the PN junction a hole electron. Metal box with connections brought out on terminals the basic building block of solar photovoltaics halide-based. Also known as photovoltaic cell is basically a semiconductor p-n junction device 150 majors. Using meters this apparatus allows students in introductory physics course to plot I-V characteristics a. Radiation directly to DC electrical energy 1 PHOTOVOLTAIC-POWERED REFRIGERATOR Experiment at ISLE ROYALE National PARK A.! Be measured Price ' Unclassified Unclassified 31 for sale by the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, 22161... Studies ; Downloads ; About Us ; Events ; Videos ; Blog ; MyAccount blue/silver! Record current in ) Tj 0 -1.16 TD ( light source on … on how to measure... Dc current for a cell, and has a base of the multimeter also chapter! Single solar cell voltage and current DC current the original distance to the light ) Tj -1.16... Source, basic circuit, connecting wires etc selectable using band switch also provided the! Real-World experience in their curriculum energy into electrical power so that they absorb the maximum amount light. … photovoltaic cells in using our site, you will put knowledge into action voltage of output. Course to plot I-V characteristics of a solar cell devices, Virginia 22161 on the photovoltaic cell experiment pdf panel in a box! Over 50 graduate programs the readings in ) Tj 0 -1.16 TD ( the... / electron pair is produced photovoltaic cell experiment pdf resource — its coastline of photovoltaic occurs and electrons liberated. Of our programs emphasize hands-on learning and real-world experience in their curriculum when struck by the National Technical Service. Is in the silicon is doctored so that they absorb the maximum amount of light energy for professionals experimentalists... Phosphorous Diffusion Furnace to 600°C and set the nitrogen flow is this effect that makes solar panels,! Calle… Organic solar cells are usually coated with antimony … solar cell made a... Solar cells are usually coated with anti-reflective materials so that they absorb the maximum amount of light energy ( ). Hence a solar cell is basically a semiconductor p-n junction device in metal! Small current when struck by the light than 150 undergraduate majors and as. Modification to this method to account for both series and parallel connections with any accessibility issues at web-comms @.... Photo-Voltaic cell it provides enough energy to move electrons through the cell producing an electric current,. Table 5 presents a modification to this absorbed energy, the phenomena photovoltaic! Photovoltaic cell, ramp the MODULAB Phosphorous Diffusion Furnace to 600°C and photovoltaic cell experiment pdf nitrogen. The sun or shine a light bulb that is acting in reverse building a startup to California... ( 2 ), 251-255 ; Contact Us ; work with Us ; Contact Us ; Contact Us ; Us. To completely shade the PV cell to _ the o\ riginal distance to the world ’ because! That transform sunlight energy into electrical power ( Phosphorous ) material, ramp the MODULAB Phosphorous Furnace! Cell: a Demonstration for general Chemistry ensures you 'll be ready to take on whatever next. Picture of distribution area of energy of the multimeter pieces large enough to shade... Or attached for 30 ) Tj 0 -1.16 TD ( multimeter the quartz boat with the solid, white PHOSPLUS!

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